Professor Mouschovias received his bachelor degree in physics from Yale University in 1968, and his Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1975. He joined the University of Illinois as an assistant professor of physics and astronomy in 1977.
The long-term goal of Professor Mouschovias research has been to decipher the role of cosmic magnetic fields in the formation of stars. He and his graduate students have made seminal contributions in the field, including the resolution of the angular momentum problem (through magnetic braking) and of the central role of ambipolar diffusion in the fragmentation of molecular clouds and star formation, including the determination of the protostellar "initial mass function". His research group made pioneering contributions to our understanding the role of interstellar dust in star formation, not only in determining the degree of ionization in evolving molecular clouds, but also in directly (through collisions) or indirectly (through induced electric fields) coupling the magnetic field to the predominantly neutral matter.
Professor Emeritus of Space Physics at the University of
Athens (since 1996). He was born in Athens, Greece, on
the 6th of March, 1947. He obtained his B.Sc. in Physics
from the University of Athens (1971) and his Ph.D. in
Cosmic Rays and Space Physics from the same
University in 1977. He worked for four years as scientific
collaborator at the University of Athens (1971-1974), as a
Research Fellow (1974-1975) and as Research Assistant
(1975-1977) at the Imperial College, U.K., as Assistant
(1978), Chief Assistant (1979), Lecturer (1982) and
Assistant Professor of Space Physics (1986) at the
Department of Physics of the University of Athens,
Greece. He joined for three months each year as visiting
Research Fellow the Imperial College (1978-1995), and the University of Mexico as Visiting professor for 3 monthly periods. He has been elected Director of the Section of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, Department of Physics of the University of Athens (2004), Director of the Laboratory of Astrophysics (two periods of two years), Member of the senate of the University of Athens (one year), deputy Chairman of the Department of Physics (two years), head of the Space Physics Group, head of the career’s office of the Department of Physics. He has been awarded with the American Geophysical Union "Excellence in refereeing" in Space Physics, Geophysical Research Letters, 2001. His scientific interests include Space physics (STEREO mission -NASA, Ulysses mission, the heliosphere in 3 D, Cosmic ray modulation and the heliosphere, co-investigator WAVES experiments on-board both spacecraft of the STEREO NASA mission and team member of WIND/waves experiment, NASA), Magnetospheric studies (Mars ionosphere and magnetosphere), Solar physics (ARTEMIS IV Digital Radio Spectrograph, 7 m diameter, at Thermopylae, Greece, a French-Greek collaboration, Non-linear RLC model of the solar cycle), Stellar winds/astrophysical flows, Plasma Physics, Space physics, History of Astronomy. He has been reviewer of the European Science Foundation. He was among the scientists who constructed and operate the Franco-Hellenic solar radio spectrograph ARTEMIS (at Thermopylae), which observes the Sun in radio frequencies ranging from 20 to 650 MHz, receiving 110 spectra every second. His scientific group participates in several experiments on board various spacecrafts (Ulysses, Wind, STEREO I & II). He is a member of the International Astronomical Union (IAU), of the American Geophysical Union, of the Hellenic Physical Society and a founding member of the Hellenic Astronomical Society (Hel.A.S.). He has been member of the Administrative Council of Hel.A.S. and editor of the magazine of this Society (Hipparchos). He has published more than 58 articles in international journals, several chapters or articles in books, several book reviews and a large number of articles in popular science magazines (in Greek). He has great interest to outreach and science popularization. He studies the oldest known astronomical instrument, that has Hipparchos mathematical signature, the Antikythera Mechanism, an analogue computer of the 2nd century BC, with marvellous functions that predicts eclipses and Lunar motions with a good approximation of Keplers 2nd law. He has created many exhibitions and has delivered many public lectures concerning this device in several countries (in Museums, Planetaria, UNESCO and The Library of Alexandria). Main Textbooks: 1) Space Physics, Greek Open University, Patras, 2003, 2) Notes for the students: Space physics (with one co-author), 3) Introduction to Astrophysics (six co-authors), 4) Laboratory Exercises in Astrophysics (10 co- authors), University of Athens.
Michael D. Moutsoulas (1936-1995)
Professor of the Department of Geology, University of Athens, Greece (born 1936). He got his B.Sc. in Mathematics from the University of Athens, Greece and his M.Sc. and Ph.D. from the University of Manchester, U.K. He had worked as Researcher at the University of Manchester, Assistant Professor of Astronomy at the University of Athens, Greece (1972-1982), Director of the Space Center of the Civil Aviation of Greece, and as member of many scientific groups of COSPAR and NASA. He has been vice-director of the scientific journals “Astrophysics and Space Science” and “The Moon and the Planets”. He had published many papers on Celestial Mechanics and Telemetry.