Emeritus Professor of Astronomy, University of Patras, Greece. He was born in Pyrgos, Ilias, Greece, on the 10th of December, 1934. He received his B.Sc. in Mathematics from the University of Athens, Greece (1959) and his Ph.D. in Astronomy from the same University (1965). He worked as Assistant and Head ￼￼￼￼Assistant at the University of Athens before moving as Researcher at the Astronomical Institute (now Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics) of the National Observatory of Athens. He moved as an Assistant Professor at the University of Patras, where he later became Professor of Astronomy. His scientific interests included Celestial Mechanics and Theoretical Astrophysics and he has published several papers and textbooks. He is a member of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) and he has been founding member of the Hellenic Astronomical Society (Hel.A.S.).
Banos Cosmas: Researcher (retired), Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, National Observatory of Athens, Greece. He was born in Athens, Greece, on the 22nd of October, 1933. He received the B.Sc. in Physics from the University of Athens, Greece, and his Ph.D. from the same University. He was interested scientifically mainly on the Physics of the solar Planets. He is a member of the International Astronomical Union (IAU).
Banos George (1932-2014)
Professor Emeritus, Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, Greece. He was born in Athens, Greece, on June 10, 1932 and passed away on October 28, 2014. He received the B.Sc. in Physics from the University of Athens, Greece in 1956 and his Ph.D. from the same University under the supervision of Prof. Kotsakis, in 1968. He had worked as Assistant and Chief Assistant at the Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics of the National Observatory of Athens, from 1959 until 1974 when he became a Professor at the Dept. of Physics of the Univ. of Ioannina. He also served as Rector of the University of Ioannina from 1979-1980. His scientific interest were the area of Solar Physics.
Emeritus Professor, Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He was born in Drama, Greece, on the 20th of June, 1935. He received the B.Sc. in Mathematics from the University of Athens, Greece (1957), the M.Sc. in Celestial Mechanics from the Yale University, U.S.A. (1964) and the Ph.D. in Astronomy from the University of Thessaloniki, Greece (1966). He worked as Chief Assistant, Docent and Assistant Professor (1973) at this University before he was elected there as Professor of Theoretical Mechanics (1982). His scientific interests include the General and the restricted three-body problem, the inverse problem of Dynamics and the Integrability questions. He has published more than 70 scientific papers in refereed journals and 10 papers in conference proceedings and special volumes / books. He has also published four textbooks (“Spherical Astronomy”, “General Mathematics”, “Differential Equations and Applications” and “Problems of Theoretical Mechanics”) and co-authored another 4 textbooks (“Introduction to Continuum Mechanics”, “Problems of Differential Equations”, “Exercises in Astronomy” and “Elements of Spherical Astronomy and Celestial Mechanics”).
C. Chassapis (b. 4/17 Sept. 1914 Veroia, Greece – d. 10 July 1972, Athens, Greece).
For many years he worked as school teacher at a small mountainous village and later at Papastratos School in the town of Agrinion, but his passion was astronomy. Equipped with his small telescope, he became an excellent observer of variable stars. After the Second World War his high quality observations raised Campbell’s interest, who would like to know the status of this excellent observer. So, in 1946 Chassapis having been recognized as amateur astronomer he succeeded his transfer to Athens and especially his position as astronomer at Penteli Observatory. Later he finished his studies in the Department of Mathematics at Athens University. He was widely appreciated for his public lectures on astronomical topics as well as for his popular articles in daily and periodical press and encyclopaidias. His first book on astronomy “The Life on planet Mars” has been published in 1935 and his voluminous “Contemporary popular astronomy” (p. 835) in 1957; a summary of the latter was the new book of “Cosmography” for high schools (join work with D. Kotsakis). His major contributions were “Greek astronomy in the 2nd millennium B.C. according to Orphic hymns” (PhD Thesis at Athens University, 1967), “The Star of Bethlehem” (1970), continued in the (till now) unpublished “Determination of the Date of Jesus Christ’s Resurrection” (1971). After his sudden death in 1972, his student Maria Papathanassiou has published long articles-summaries of his work. During this last years he collaborated with Eugenides Foundation lecturing either in the Planetarium or the great Amphitheatre.
John D. Hadjidemetriou was born in Thessaloniki in 1937. He got his B.Sc. in Mathematics from the University of Thessaloniki in 1959 and his Ph.D. in Physics and Astronomy from the University of Manchester in 1965, under the guidance of Prof. Z. Kopal. In 1970, he was elected full Professor of Theoretical Mechanics at the Physics Department of the University of Thessaloniki, at the age of 33. He continuously served the department over a period of 42 years.
John’s Ph.D. Thesis “The two body problem with variable mass” (and his first paper in Icarus 2, 440, 1963), has been recognized as a fundamental contribution in the field and is still cited in the literature. Since then he continued working on Celestial Mechanics, in particular on families of resonant periodic orbits in the restricted and general three-body problems and on the stability of planetary, asteroid and satellite motion. He always stressed that “periodicorbits consist the backbone of the topology of phase space”. John also became famous for his method of constructing a symplectic map that preserves the location and stability of periodic orbits in resonances, which became known as “Hadjidemetriou’s map”.
In later years he worked on the interpretation of the phenomenon known as stable chaos and on the dynamics and stability of exo-planetary systems. He associated the resonant planetary dynamics with families of periodic orbits and he computed these families for various cases. He also showed that the introduction of dissipative forces makes the periodic orbits “attractors” and a planetary system migrates along the families, verifying, in such a way, the work on planetary migration published previously by other researchers. In this framework he showed the possibility of the transition from a 1/1 resonant planetary motion to a satellite motion. The last paper he co-authored, entitled “Multiplanet destabilization and escape in post-main- sequence systems”, appeared recently in MNRAS (430, 3383, 2013) and was based on the theory he developed in his first paper.
John played a key role in the development of Celestial Mechanics in Greece. He supervised 7 Ph.D. Theses in this field and acted as coordinator or principal investigator in three EU-funded research projects. He retired in 2005 and, since then, he remained active both in teaching and in research, as Professor Emeritus of the University of Thessaloniki. His numerous students organized a Conference in his honor in the summer of 2008, in Litohoro, Greece, which was attended by about 70 participants from 16 countries.
John was a corresponding member of the Academy of Athens. He was also an elected member of Commission’s 7 SOC from 1979 to1991 and served as President of the Commission for the 2000–2003 term. He was a member of the Celestial Mechanics Institute and Associate Editor of the field’s leading journal, Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astron- omy, for twenty years. He was a founding member of the European Astronomical Society and the first vice-president of the Hellenic Astronomical Societiy.
John really excelled in teaching, not only within his duties in the University of Thessaloniki but in international schools as well. He was an active member of the Cortina and Ramsau/Bad Hofgastein meetings as well as of the Greek Non-linear Dynamics annual schools. He wrote a two-volume book on Theoretical Mechanics, in Greek, which is still adopted by many Greek Universities.
John Hadjidemetriou passed away peacefully on Thursday, March 21, 2013, in Thessaloniki, Greece.
Academician, Academy of Athens, Greece, Head
(Emeritus) of the Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns
Hopkins University (APL/JHU), U.S.A. He was born in
Brontados, Chios, Greece, on the 10th of September 1938.
He received the B.Sc. in Physics from the University of
Minesota, U.S.A. (1961), the M.Sc. from the University of
Iowa (1963) and the Ph.D. from the same University in
1965. Krimigis and his supervisor Prof. J. A. Van Allen use
for the first time a solid detector in space and they discover
alpha particles in the radiation belts. As Head of the
JHU/APL he directed the activities of about 500 scientists,
engineers, and other technical and supporting staff in the design, construction, test, and launch into space of entire satellites, and of consructing scientific instruments that perform measurements on a large variety of earth-orbiting and interplanetary missions. He served on the faculty of the Physics and Astronomy Dept. at Iowa (1965-68) before joining APL in 1968. He headed the Space Physics and Instrumentation Group, became Chief Scientist in 1980, and Head of the Space Department in 1991. His research interests include the earths environment, its magnetosphere, the sun, the interplanetary medium, and the magnetospheres of the planets and other astrophysical objects and he has published more than 330 papers in journals and books on these subjects. He has been Principal Investigator or Co- Investigator on several NASA spacecraft, including the Low Energy Charged Particle (LECP) Experiment on Voyagers 1 and 2, and the Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explores (AMPTE), a collaborative U.S.-German-U.K. program that created the first man-made comet in space on December 27, 1984. Together with five other scientists, he was invited to the White House to brief President Reagan on both of these projects on March 26, 1986. He was one of the groups of American intellectuals from World of Arts, Sciences, and Politics invited to meet with President Gorbachev during his first visit to Washington, D.C. in December, 1987. He also participated in a briefing of President Bush in the Oval Office on July 7, 1990, following the successful Voyager encounter with Neptune. He was a Principal Investigator for the 1997 Cassini mission to Saturn and Titan, and a Co-Investigator on the Galileo, Ulysses, ACE and MESSENGER missions. He spearheaded the establishment of NASAs Discovery program for low-cost planetary missions. Together with two other colleagues, he was recognized for "Laurels" in Space for the NEAR achievement by the Aviation Week & Space Technology magazine in 1997. He has been elected recently as full member of the Academy of Athens, Greece (2004) and he was Vice-Chairman of the Greek National Astronomical Committee (2005-2007). He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, of the AGU and recently (2005) Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and he has been awarded twice (1981, 1986) the NASAs Exceptional Scientific Achievement; the NASA Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement in 1981 and again in 1986, some thirty NASA Group Achievement Awards for Voyager, AMPTE, Galileo, Ulysses, Cassini, and ACE, has been a member of the National Academy of Sciences Space Science Board, Chairman of the Boards Committee on Solar and Space Physics, a member of NASA’s Space Science and Applications Advisory Committee, a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Physical Society, member of the International Academy of Astronautics, corresponding member of the Athens Academy. He received the International Academy of Astronautics Basic Sciences Award and the AHEPA Academy Prize, both in 1994. He has participated as member or Chairman in many national and the international conferences in space science and space systems management, has delivered more than 1,000 talks on these topics, and has lectured in several countries all over the world. The International Astronautical Union in 1999 named asteroid "8323 Krimigis", (previously 1979 UH) in his honor. The President of the Hellenic Republic has awarded him the Gold Cross "Commandeur de l’ Ordre du Phoénix" in 1997. Also, the American Hellenic Institute has honored Dr. Krimigis with its "Hellenic Heritage Achievement Award" in Washington in 1998. In 2002 he received the “Cospar Space Science Award, the highest distinction by the world space community and recently with the “Homeric Award”.
Michael D. Moutsoulas (1936-1995)
Professor of the Department of Geology, University of Athens, Greece (born 1936). He got his B.Sc. in Mathematics from the University of Athens, Greece and his M.Sc. and Ph.D. from the University of Manchester, U.K. He had worked as Researcher at the University of Manchester, Assistant Professor of Astronomy at the University of Athens, Greece (1972-1982), Director of the Space Center of the Civil Aviation of Greece, and as member of many scientific groups of COSPAR and NASA. He has been vice-director of the scientific journals “Astrophysics and Space Science” and “The Moon and the Planets”. He had published many papers on Celestial Mechanics and Telemetry.
Professor, University of Maryland, U.S.A. He was born in
Larissa, Greece on the 29th of December, 1938. He
received the B.Sc. in Physics from the University of Athens,
Greece (1960), the M.Sc. in Nuclear Technology from the
M.I.T. (1965) and the Ph.D. from the University of Maryland
in 1968. He has been Research Associate at the same
University, Senior Research Physicist and Consultant to the
Plasma Physics Division of the Naval Research Laboratory
and Science Advisor to the Office of Fusion Energy of the
Government of the U.S.A. He has been honored with the
NASA’s “Certificate of Commendation” for distinct services in the Space Sciences, with the Prize for Scientific Achievements in Sciences of the Washington Academy of Sciences, with the E.O. Hulbert Prize for the Sciences and with the Navy’s Prize for Meritorious Civilian Service. He is Fellow and a member of the Fellows nominating Committee of the American Physical Society. He is a member of numerous societies and committees. His scientific interests are in Plasma and Space Physics and he has published hundreds of papers on these subjects.
Astrophysicist (retired), NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center. He obtained his BA from the Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster, PA, (1955), his Master of Science (1964) and the Ph.D. in Physics (1966), both from the University of Maryland, College Park, MD. He has spent most of his active career in X-ray astrophysics with emphasis in the development of space-borne instrumentation. He has pioneered two types of instruments which have since been used extensively in the field: the large area multiwire gas proportional counter and lightweight conical
foil X-ray mirrors. He has been principal investigator in
several satellite missions, including NASAs Astro-1
mission, flown on the Space Shuttle in December
1990, and the US/Japan collaborative spectroscopy
missions ASCA and Astro-E (the latter in preparation).
His scientific interests include Fe K lines in the spectra
of clusters of galaxies, spectra of AGN and the search
with ASCA for hard, AGN-like nuclear sources in
nearby spiral galaxies. He has been at his present
position in the X-ray astrophysics Branch at Goddard
since joining Dr. Elihu Boldt, the founder of the group in the late 1960s. The Joseph Weber Award for 2009 was conferred on him in late January in recognition of his innovative contributions to X-ray detector and telescope designs that have enabled decades of scientific advances in high energy astrophysics.
The Tish Professor in Physical Sciences,
Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca,
N.Y., U.S.A. (since 1999) and Director, NASA New York
State Space Grant, Cornell University (since 1996). Prof Terzian was born in Alexandria, Egypt from an Armenian father and a greek mother in 1939 and he passed away in Ithaca NY on November 25, 2019. Yervant Terzian
received the B.Sc. in Physics Mathematics from the
American University in Cairo (1960), the M.Sc. in
Astronomy (1963) and the Ph.D. in Astronomy (1965)
from the Indiana University, as well as four Honorary
D.Sc. from the Indiana University (1989), the Yerevan
State University, Armenia (1994), the University of
Thessaloniki, Greece (1997) and the Union College,
New York (1999). He has been Research Associate,
Arecibo Observatory (Puerto Rico), Cornell University (1965-1967), Assistant Professor of Astronomy, Cornell University (1967-1972), Assistant Director, Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Cornell University (1968-1974), Associate Professor of Astronomy, Cornell University (1972-1977), Visiting Professor of Astronomy, University of Montreal, Canada (1973-1974), and University of Thessaloniki, Greece (1974 Feb-July), Professor of Astronomy, Cornell University (1977), Chairman, Department of Astronomy, Cornell University (1979-1999), Acting Director, Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Cornell University (1979-80, 1992-93), Prof. Graduate Field of History and Philosophy of Science and Technology (1986), Field of Science and Technology Studies, Cornell University (since 1991), Director, Pew Undergraduate Science Education Program, New York State Cluster of Colleges and Universities (1988-1999), James A. Weeks Professor of Physical Sciences, Cornell University (1990-1999) and Visiting Professor, University of California, San Diego (1999-2000), Member, Committee on Radio Astronomy, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, (1969-1976). He has served as Chairman or member in various committees and councils of the University of Cornell. Also, he has been Vice-Chairman, New York Astronomical Corporation (1969-1978), Member, Radio Astronomy Advisory Committee, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (1973-1993), Member, Committee on Radio Frequencies, U. S. National Academy of Sciences (1974-1976), Vice President, New York Astronomical Society (1974-1978), Harlow Shapley Lecturer for the American Astronomical Society (1974- ), Chairman, International Astronomical Union, Working Group on Astronomy From the Moon (1993-1999), Associate Editor/Scientific Editor, The Astrophysical Journal (1989 - 1998) and member of Chairman to numerous other scientific Boards or Advisory Committees. He has been awarded with the Clark Distinguished Teaching Award, Cornell University (1984), the Dicran H. Kabakjian Award for Outstanding Achievement in Science, North American (1985) the Distinguished Alumni Award, American University in Cairo (2005). He has been Honored at the Wall of Inspiration, Ithaca Science Center (2002) and with the Establishment of ‘The Yervant Terzian Cornell University Endowed Scholarships’ (1999). He has been Chairman, Committee on Astronomy in Greece for the 21st Century (1998), and Chairman, US Square Kilometer Array Consortium (2002- ). Distinguished Alumni Award, American University in Cairo (2005), Chairman, Ministry of Development Evaluation of Greek Research Institutes, Athens (2005). He is a member of the IAU, the International Scientific Radio Union; Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society; Astronomical Society of New York; Historical Astronomy Division, A.A.S.; Society for Scientific Exploration; Hel.A.S., Armenian Astronomical Society, American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has published more than 230 scientific papers in refereed journals in conference proceedings and special volumes / books. He has also published six books on the Interstellar Ionized Hydrogen, on the Planetary Nebulae, on Flare Stars, on Cosmology and Astrophysics, on Active Galactic Nuclei And Related Phenomena and on Carl Sagans Universe.
A short biographical documentary on Prof. Terzian is available at https://ecommons.cornell.edu/handle/1813/14723
Emeritus Professor of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He was born in Dicastro, Fthiotis on the 4th of September, 1935. He obtained his B.Sc. in Mathematics from the University of Athens, Greece (1959) and a second degree on Agronomy Surveyor from the National Technical University of Athens, Greece (1965), where he also completed his Ph.D. (1969). He worked as Head assistant at the National Technical University of Athens, before joining the University of Thessaloniki. He is a member of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) and of the ICOMOS. His scientific research includes Astronomy and Topography.